No matter how their parent has ended up in prison, children and youth are left with trauma, confusion, anger, and complex grief and loss. Every situation is unique. Each child and youth needs support to understand the circumstances, absolute assurance it is not their fault, reassurance it is also not their destiny, and acknowledgement that it is okay—if not normal—to still love our parents even if we don't love what they may have done. Please reference our Grandparents & Relatives Caregivers, Grief & Loss, Navigating Birth Family Relationships & Openness, and Trauma pages for more resources.

Children of Incarcerated Parents Bill of Rights

“Inmates never, never argue or question the effects of childhood trauma.” ~Stacey Gagnon, Prison Trauma Instructor


Recommended Books & Articles

Incarceration-related Materials in ORPARC's library, including Children's Materials

For Parents

For Children & Youth

For the Incarcerated Parent/Individual

Culturally specific

Articles/Factsheets for Professionals

Videos & Podcasts